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Главная страница Новости науки Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Новости науки
ScienceDirect Publication: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
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  • 6-shogaol, a active constiuents of ginger prevents UVB radiation mediated inflammation and oxidative stress through modulating NrF2 signaling in human epidermal keratinocytes (HaCaT cells)

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Feng Chen, Ying Tang, Yujia Sun, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan, Surapaneni Krishna Mohan, Chuanxin Cui

    Abstract

    Disclosure of ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the key feature from environment to cause redness of the skin, inflammation, photoaging and skin cancer. 6-Shogaol, a spicy compound secluded from ginger, which shows anti-inflammatory effects. Present study was demonstrated the role of 6-Shogaol on UVB induced oxidative stress and photoaging signaling in human epidermal keratinocytes (HaCaT cells). In this study, UVB-irratiation (180 mJ/cm2) significantly elevated the intracellular ROS levels, depletion of antioxidants resulted in apoptotic HaCaT cells. MAPKs signaling are concerned in oxidative stress; these signaling events are measured as differentiation. We found that 6-shogaol prevents over expression of MAPKs (ERK1, JNK1 & p38), in disclosure of UVB in HaCaT cells. Moreover, 6-shogaol infringed Bax and Bcl-2 in which 20 μg 6-shogaol influenced apoptosis in HaCaT cells by investigating augmented appearance of Bax and condensed appearance of Bcl-2 in contrast to control HaCaT cells. These results suggest that 6-shogaol could be a successful healing agent provides fortification against UVB-induced provocative and oxidative skin reimbursement.



  • Root surface demineralization by citric acid/tetracycline gel and aPDT associated to subepithelial connective tissue graft improves root coverage outcomes. A 12-month preliminary randomized clinical trial

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Carla Andreotti Damante, Paula Stephania Brandão Hage Karam, Rafael Ferreira, Maria Lúcia Rubo Rezende, Sebastião Luiz Aguiar Greghi, Adriana Campos Passanezi Sant'Ana, Mariana Schutzer Ragghianti Zangrando

    Abstract

    Root conditioners are used to promote root surface biomodification to increase the success rate of root coverage. Citric acid and tetracycline are commonly used. There is recent indication for using antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) with this purpose. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of citric acid/tetracycline gel and aPDT in root coverage of gingival recessions using subepithelial connective tissue graft. This parallel, double-blinded clinical trial enrolled 17 patients (60 recession defects; 20/group). Experimental groups were: Control group (SRP) - scaling and root planing only; Citric acid/tetracycline gel (CAT) group - SRP plus citric acid/tetracycline gel; aPDT - SRP, toluidine blue O (100 μl/ml) and red laser. At baseline and after 3, 6 and 12 months, the clinical parameters were evaluated: recession depth (RD), percentage of root coverage (%RC), keratinized tissue width (KTW), soft tissue thickness (STT), probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), dentin hypersensitivity (HYPER) and esthetic perception by patient (EST). CAT group presented reduction in PD, CAL, RD, increase in KTW and STT, higher %RC (81.6%) and better esthetic in relation to SRP group (p < .05). aPDT treatment promoted CAL reduction, gain of KTW and STT and higher %RC (82.1%) in relation to SRP (57.7%) (p < .05). There was a reduction in dentin sensitivity in all groups. Complete root coverage was higher for CAT group (65%) and aPDT group (70%) in relation to SRP (30%) (p < .05). Root conditioning, with citric acid/tetracycline gel and aPDT, promotes better long-term clinical outcomes and root coverage after SCTG procedures.



  • A “turn-on” fluorescent probe for glutathione detection based on the polyethylenimine-carbon dots-Cu2+ system

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Boye Zhang, Qianqian Duan, Yi Li, Yixia Zhang, Mingxuan Che, Wendong Zhang, Shengbo Sang

    Abstract

    Glutathione (GSH) plays critical roles in many physiological processes usually present in live cells, and altered levels have been linked to some clinical pathological conditions. However, current techniques of GSH detection with fluorescence assay strategies remain poorly researched. In this work, branched polyethylenimine-functionalized carbon dots (PEI-CDs) are synthesized by simple hydrothermal treatment of glucose and PEI. The fluorescence of the PEI-CDs could be efficiently quenched by Cu2+ and then recovered by some biothiols. Basing on this, a “turn-on” fluorescent probe for detecting GSH has been developed using PEI-CDs-Cu2+ system. Compared with traditional probes for GSH detection, a significant advantage of the PEI-CDs-Cu2+ system is that it can be used for GSH detection at both low and high concentrations with different concentration combinations of PEI-CDs and Cu2+. More specifically, two good linear relationships are achieved in the ranges of 0–80 μM and 0–1400 μM for GSH, respectively. Correspondingly, the detection limits of GSH are 0.33 μM and 9.49 μM, respectively. The quantum yields (QYs) of PEI-CDs and PEI-CDs-Cu2++GSH was 9.6% and 4.2%, respectively. Moreover, the PEI-CDs-Cu2+ has excellent optical stability and good biocompatibility. Additionally, it is worth noting that the developed probe has successfully realized the visualization of GSH detection in MGC-803 cells.



  • Antibacterial and antioxidant potential of biosynthesized copper nanoparticles mediated through Cissus arnotiana plant extract

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): S. Rajeshkumar, Soumya Menon, S. Venkat Kumar, Murtaza M. Tambuwala, Hamid A. Bakshi, Meenu Mehta, Saurabh Satija, Gaurav Gupta, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Lakshmi Thangavelu, Kamal Dua

    Abstract

    Environment friendly methods for the synthesis of copper nanoparticles have become a valuable trend in the current scenario. The utilization of phytochemicals from plant extracts has become a unique technology for the synthesis of nanoparticles, as they possess dual nature of reducing and capping agents to the nanoparticles. In the present investigation we have synthesized copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) using a rare medicinal plant Cissus arnotiana and evaluated their antibacterial activity against gram negative and gram positive bacteria. The morphology and characterization of the synthesized CuNPs were studied and done using UV-Visible spectroscopy at a wavelength range of 350–380 nm. XRD studies were performed for analyzing the crystalline nature; SEM and TEM for evaluating the spherical shape within the size range of 60–90 nm and AFM was performed to check the surface roughness. The biosynthesized CuNPs showed better antibacterial activity against the gram-negative bacteria, E. coli with an inhibition zone of 22.20 ± 0.16 mm at 75 μg/ml. The antioxidant property observed was comparatively equal with the standard antioxidant agent ascorbic acid at a maximum concentration of 40 μg/ ml. This is the first study reported on C. arnotiana mediated biosynthesis of copper nanoparticles, where we believe that the findings can pave way for a new direction in the field of nanotechnology and nanomedicine where there is a significant potential for antibacterial and antioxidant activities. We predict that, these could lead to an exponential increase in the field of biomedical applications, with the utilization of green synthesized CuNPs, due to its remarkable properties. The highest antibacterial property was observed with gram-negative strains mainly, E. coli, due to its thin peptidoglycan layer and electrostatic interactions between the bacterial cell wall and CuNPs surfaces. Hence, CuNPs can be potent therapeutic agents in several biomedical applications, which are yet to be explored in the near future.

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  • Environmental friendly synthesis of silver nanomaterials from the promising Streptomyces parvus strain Al-Dhabi-91 recovered from the Saudi Arabian marine regions for antimicrobial and antioxidant properties

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Abdul-Kareem Mohammed Ghilan, Galal Ali Esmail, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan, Karuppiah Ponmurugan

    Abstract

    The therapeutic molecules recovered from the marine biological origin are widely used for the treatment of diverse levels of infections caused by microbial pathogens. In addition, the eco-friendly preparations of nanomaterials together with the secondary metabolites' producing active microbial strains effectively suppress the spreading of the pathogenic bacteria. Considering their importance, the present study evaluated the environmental friendly synthesis of Silver nitrate nanomaterials (SNM) from the active marine Streptomyces strain Al-Dhabi-91 isolated from the Dammam region of Saudi Arabia. The obtained SNM was chemically characterized by various spectroscopic techniques such as UV, XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM and EDAX; and its biological applications such as antimicrobial properties and antioxidant potential were recorded by DPPH methods. Biochemical and micromorphological studies together with the molecular techniques confirmed that the isolate Al-Dhabi-91 belonged to Streptomyces species. The characterization techniques confirmed that the UV spectrum showed maximum absorption peak at 305 nm indicating the plasmodium characteristics. SEM and TEM analyses evidenced 5–2 nm which are agglomerated, cool to form porous asymmetrical networks. Additionally, the FTIR spectrum showed maximum peak at 1194 cm−1 and 1394 cm−1, confirming the presence of aromatic CH bending and aromatic CC bending in the SNM. SNM exhibited prolific antibacterial activity against Gram negative pathogens, K. pneumoniae (28.33 mm) and E. coli (21.66 mm) respectively. The MIC values of SNM were significant with respect to E. faecalis (125 μg/ml), S. aureus (250 μg/ml), P. aeruginosa (125 μg/ml), K. pneumoniae (500 μg/ml) and E. coli (250 μg/ml) respectively. In addition, the antioxidant potential of the SNM was another value added importance. Especially 50 μg/ml of the nanoparticles showed 33% antioxidant potential; similarly in nitric oxide radical inhibition assay the concentration of 50 μg/ml nanoparticles showed 33% of inhibition potential. Overall, the eco-friendly synthesis of SNM from the marine Streptomyces strain Al-Dhabi-91 was an ideal active source for the treatment of infectious disease and health associated disorders.



  • Comparative analysis of honey and citrate stabilized gold nanoparticles: In vitro interaction with proteins and toxicity studies

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Adina Boldeiu, Monica Simion, Iuliana Mihalache, Antonio Radoi, Melania Banu, Pericle Varasteanu, Paul Nadejde, Eugeniu Vasile, Adriana Acasandrei, Roxana Cristina Popescu, Diana Savu, Mihaela Kusko

    Abstract

    Gold nanoparticles of comparable size were synthetized using honey mediated green method (AuNPs@honey) and citrate mediated Turkevich method (AuNPs@citrate). Their colloidal behavior in two cell media DMEM and RPMI, both supplemented with 10% FBS, was systematically investigated with different characterization techniques in order to evidence how the composition of the media influences their stability and the development of protein/NP complex. We revealed the formation of the protein corona which individually covers the nanoparticles in RPMI media, like a dielectric spacer according to UV-Vis spectroscopy, while DMEM promotes more abundant agglomerations, clustering together the nanoparticles, according to TEM investigations. In order to evaluate the biological impact of nanoparticles, B16 melanoma and L929 mouse fibroblasts cells were used to carry out the viability assays. Generally, the L929 cells were more sensitive than B16 cells to the presence of gold nanoparticles. Measurements of cell viability, proliferation and apoptotic activities of B16 cells indicated that the effects induced by AuNPs@honey were slightly similar to those induced by AuNPs@citrate, however, the toxic response improved in the L929 fibroblast cells following the treatment with AuNPs@honey within the same concentration range from 1 μg/ml to 15 μg/ml for 48 h. Results showed that honey mediated synthesis generates nanoparticles with reduced toxicity trends depending on the cell type, concentration of nanoparticles and exposure time toward various biomedical applications.



  • Evaluation of the in vitro photoprotective potential of ethanolic extracts of four species of the genus Campomanesia

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Taline Baganha Stefanello Catelan, Larissa Gaiola, Bianca Ferreira Duarte, Claudia Andrea Lima Cardoso

    Abstract
    Scope

    Overexposure to the ultraviolet radiation may trigger the development of adverse health effects such as the appearance of burns, blemishes, skin aging and skin cancer. These harmful effects on health can be minimized with daily application of photoprotective products or multifunctional products. Medicinal plants may present potential for sun protection and among the species of Brazilian flora, we can highlight the species of the genus Campomanesia. In this context, the photoprotective potential of Campomanesia guazumifolia, Campomanesia sessiliflora, Campomanesia xanthocarpa and Campomanesia adamantium were evaluated.

    Methods and Results

    The ethanolic extracts of C. guazumifolia (CG), C. sessiliflora (CS), C. xanthocarpa (CX) and C. adamantium (CA) showed absorption in the UVA and UVB regions. At the concentration of 8%, all the extracts presented sun protection factor (SPF) values higher than 2 and in the concentration of 4% only CA and CX. All plant extracts, alone or in combination, had increased the SPF with the incorporation of octyl methoxynnamate (OM). The samples that presented the highest SPF values contain the association of CA and CX. During the preliminary stability study, the formulations (SSPFOM4, SSPFCX4CA4OM4 and SSPFCX4CA4) presented SPF and pH values statistically different (p < 0.05) between temperatures.

    Conclusion

    The formulation SSPFCX4CA4 presented SPF values >6, so they present potential for photoprotective or multifunctional products.



  • Effect of gamma irradiation on carbon dot decorated polyethylene-gold@ hydroxyapatite biocomposite on titanium implanted repair for shoulder joint arthroplasty

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Ke Lu, Cong Li, Hong-zhen Wang, Yun-long Li, Yi Zhu, Yuanming Ouyang

    Abstract

    High disappointment rate of the ligament to hard tissue mending after the medical procedure has dependably been a testing issue in rotator cuff repair. Considering the elasticity of carbon dot decorated polyethylene (f-CDs-PE) and osteogenic movement of gold substituted hydroxyapatite (Au@HA) bioceramic, f-CDs-PE-Au@HA biocomposite coatings were created by an electrophoretic deposition method (EPD), the in vivo and in vitro bioactivity and cytocompatibility were researched. The physico-chemical properties of f-CDs-PE-Au@HA biocomposite coatings were characterized using fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) and X-Ray diffractometery (XRD). The morphology of the fabricated biocomposites was analyses via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) methods. With a gamma-irradiation of f-CDs-PE-Au@HA biocomposite coating (BC2), the bond and multiplication of cells on biocomposite coating were improved. The specimen with a f-CDs-PE-Au@HA biocomposite (BC2) demonstrated a most noteworthy alkaline phosphatase activity articulation. The animal model consequences additionally show that the f-CDs-PE-Au@HA biocomposite (BC2) had great bioactive and cytocompatibility, which could develop the association of collagen and the arrangement of ligament and hard tissue. Expansion of the gamma-ray irradiation with f-CDs-PE-Au@HA biocomposite coating (BC2) at the tendon- hard tissue crossing point was exhibited to reinforce the mending entheses, increment hard tissue and tendon development and progress collagen association contrasted and control. The above outcomes have recommended that the progressive, implantable and solid stringy platforms built utilizing EPD extraordinary potential for enlargement of rotator cuff tears-recuperating.

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  • Synthesis and investigations of ciprofloxacin loaded engineered selenium lipid nanocarriers for effective drug delivery system for preventing lung infections of interstitial lung disease

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Jingjing Liu, Jie Meng, Liming Cao, Yuanyuan Li, Pengbo Deng, Pinhua Pan, Chengping Hu, Huaping Yang

    Abstract

    Treatment of chronic lung infection becomes a great challenge due to the drug resistant bacteria. In this scenario, evolving a new drug based on lipid metal conjugation loaded with potential antibiotic provides better drug delivery. In this study, ciprofloxacin loaded selenium-lipid nanoparticle (CxLSENPs) is produced in a novel route and its antimicrobial properties were tested against clinically important Gram-negative P. aeruginosa. The synthesized CxLSENPs was characterized by biophysical techniques (UV, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, FTIR, FESEM, HRTEM and Zeta potential). Raman spectra coupled with FTIR spectra confirmed the possible interaction of lipid components in the NPs. HRTEM analysis confirmed the spherical shape of NPs. CxLSENPs recorded greater antibacterial effects on P. aeruginosa. A drastic reduction in the count of P. aeruginosa was observed after treatment with CxLSENPs. In order to further confirm the antibacterial efficiency, the live/dead cell assay was carried out. Live/dead analysis helps us to investigate the viability of bacterial cells. The number of dead bacterial cells was significantly higher in CxLSENPs treated groups when compare to the control. Furthermore, CxLSENPs increased the antioxidant enzyme activities (SOD, GPx, CAT and LPO) in mouse and protected the liver damage from bacterial infection. This study concludes that the developed CxLSENPs might be employed as strong antimicrobial and antioxidant agents for treating lung infection or interstitial lung diseases.

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  • Spectroscopic characterizations, structural peculiarities, molecular docking study and evaluation of biological potential of newly designed organotin(IV) carboxylates

    Publication date: August 2019

    Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 197

    Author(s): Muhammad Sirajuddin, Saqib Ali, Vickie McKee, Naheed Akhtar, Saiqa Andleeb, Abdul Wadood

    Abstract

    In the search for new therapeutic agents we have synthesized 13 new organotin(IV) carboxylate derivatives of (E)-4-((4-methoxy-2-nitrophenyl)amino)-4-oxobut-2-enoic acid. The synthesized complexes were characterized by several spectroscopic techniques. A chelating or bridging bidentate nature of the carboxylate ligand was suggested from the solid state FT-IR results. Solution state multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C and 119Sn) results reveal that the geometry around the Sn atom in triorganotin(IV) complexes is trigonal bipyramidal and in diorganotin(IV) complexes is octahedral. The ligand, (E)-4-((4-methoxy-2-nitrophenyl)amino)-4-oxobut-2-enoic acid, complex 1 and complex 2 were also analyzed by single crystal X-ray technique and the results fully supports the spectroscopic data. For 1 and 2 the geometry optimized by the single crystal X-ray analyses is distorted trigonal bipyramidal. The interaction of the studied compounds with SS-DNA was investigated by UV–Vis. Spectroscopy and Molecular docking showing an intercalative mode of binding. The evaluation of the screened compounds for cancer treatment displays even higher than that of the vincristine used as a standard drug. Similarly the performance of the tested compounds as an antileishmanial agent considers them very close in activity to the standard drug, amphotericin B. The antibacterial results show that the most of the compounds have a moderate sensitivity against the studied bacterial pathogens.

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