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Главная страница Новости науки Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
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ScienceDirect Publication: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
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ScienceDirect Publication: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
  • Investigating the scavenging of reactive oxygen species by antioxidants via theoretical and experimental methods
    Publication date: March 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 180

    Author(s): Hifza Jabeen, Samia Saleemi, Humaira Razzaq, Azra Yaqub, Saira Shakoor, Rumana Qureshi

    Reactive oxygen (hydroxyl OH, hydroperoxyl OOH) species are highly unstable to be studied experimentally under normal conditions. The present study reports the antioxidant potential of the vitamins namely ascorbic acid, riboflavin and nicotinic acid against these reactive oxygen species (ROS) using the predictive power of Density Functional Theory (DFT) (B3LYP with 6311G basis set) calculations. The order of reactivity of aforementioned vitamins was assessed by determining the bond dissociation enthalpy (BDE) of the OH bond, which is the controlling factor, if hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) mechanism is considered. Transition state calculations were also carried out to determine the reaction barrier for the radical scavenging reaction of vitamins by calculating the forward and the backward activation energies using the same level of theory as mentioned above. The theoretical methodology was first validated by taking a model stable free radical, 2, 2-diphenyl-1, picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and applying the proposed approach followed by the experimental studies using UV–visible spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The close agreement between the theoretical prediction and experimental observations proved the authenticity of theoretical approach.

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  • Characterization of non-covalent binding of 6-hydroxyflavone and 5,7-dihydroxyflavone with bovine hemoglobin: Multi-spectroscopic and molecular docking analyses
    Publication date: January 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 178

    Author(s): Sourav Das, Alka Karn, Rubi Sarmah, Mostofa Ataur Rohman, Sudipta Koley, Pooja Ghosh, Atanu Singha Roy

    Flavonoids are biologically imperative compounds used as anti-oxidants, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial agents etc. The current work reports comprehensive binding studies of two important flavonoids, 6-hydroxyflavone and 5,7-dihydroxyflavone (chrysin) with bovine hemoglobin (BHb) at 298K and 308K, in aqueous medium using UV-vis spectroscopy, steady state fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) measurements, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and molecular docking studies. Both 6-hydroxyflavone and chrysin can quench the intrinsic fluorescence intensity of BHb via static quenching mechanism. The values of binding constant (Kb ) for BHb-chrysin complex (3.177±0.992×104 M1, at 298K) was found to be greater than that of BHb-6-hydroxyflavone complex (2.874±0.863×104 M1, at 298K) and the Kb values decreased with the rise in temperature. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that hydrophobic forces and H-bonding play crucial role in BHb-6-hydroxyflavone complexation whereas electrostatic interaction plays the major role in the binding of BHb and chrysin. The binding distances from donor BHb to the acceptor ligands (6-hydroxyflavone and chrysin) were estimated using the Föster's theory and the possibility of non-radiative energy transfer from BHb to 6-hydroxyflavone/chrysin was observed. The ligands, 6-hydroxyflavone and chrysin induced conformational change around Trp residues in BHb as confirmed by synchronous and 3D fluorescence results. CD and FT-IR studies indicated that the % α-helicity of BHb was enhanced due to 6-hydroxyflavone/chrysin binding. Both the flavonoids showed remarkable inhibitory effect towards BHb glycation. Hydrophobic probe (8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid, ANS) displacement and molecular docking studies revealed that the ligands bind within the hydrophobic pocket of BHb.

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  • Reduced graphene oxide coated Cu2−xSe nanoparticles for targeted chemo-photothermal therapy
    Publication date: March 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 180

    Author(s): Shu Jun Zhen, Ting Ting Wang, Yu Xin Liu, Zhu Lian Wu, Hong Yan Zou, Cheng Zhi Huang

    Recently, copper chalcogenide semiconductors have been reported as new near-infrared (NIR) photothermal agents. However, it is difficult to modify them with recognition molecules, and their photothermal conversion efficiencies are relatively low, making it difficult to achieve the targeted photothermal ablation of cancer cells with a high efficiency. In this study, reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was first coated on the surface of Cu2-xSe nanoparticles (NPs) to provide abundant functional groups for the next modification and to increase the photothermal conversion efficiency. Then, doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded and folic acid (FA) molecules were covalently linked onto the surface of Cu2xSe/rGO nanocomposites. The formed DOX@Cu2xSe@rGO-FA nanocomposites were successfully used as chemo-photothermal agents for the targeted killing of cancer cells by utilizing the recognition ability of FA, chemotherapy effect of DOX and photothermal effects of rGO and Cu2xSe NPs. Under the 980-nm NIR laser irradiation, the nanocomposites showed significantly enhanced chemo-photothermal therapy effect, which can be potentially applied in the nanomedicine field.







  • Bis(μ-chloro) bridged 1D CuI and CuII coordination polymer complex and mononuclear CuII complex: Synthesis, crystal structure and biological properties
    Publication date: Available online 13 February 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology

    Author(s): Thangavel Thirunavukkarasu, Hazel A. Sparkes, Chandrasekar Balachandran, S. Awale, Karuppannan Natarajan

    A novel one-dimensional coordination polymer containing Cu(I)Cu(II) core with chloro bridge on Cu(I) and ligand bridge on Cu(II) ions (1) and a mononuclear Cu(II) complex (2) have been synthesized from the reactions of 3- and 4-methoxy-3-quinolin-3-ylimino-methyl-2-phenol with [CuCl2(PPh3)2]. The ligands and the complexes have been characterized by spectral and analytical methods. In addition, the structures of both the ligands and the copper complexes were confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. In both complexes, the phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atom of the ligand coordinate to the copper ions in a monobasic bidentate manner resulting in an approximately square planar geometry around the copper ion. In the polymeric complex, the N atom of the quinoline ring is coordinated to Cu(I) in addition to the phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atom coordinating to Cu(II) ion, thus bridging Cu(I) and Cu(II) ions in the complex. The interactions of the compounds with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been followed by absorption and emission titration methods, which revealed that the compounds interact with CT-DNA through intercalation. Further, the interactions of the compounds with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were also investigated using UV–visible, fluorescence spectroscopic methods. The results indicated that complex 1 exhibited a stronger binding to CT-DNA and BSA than the free ligands and complex 2. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity experiment showed that complexes 1 and 2 exhibit potent cytotoxic properties against PANC-1and Hela cells. Moreover, while complex 1 showed prominent cytotoxic activity against both PANC-1 and Hela cells with IC50 of 17.91 and 11.67 μM, complex 2 showed moderate cytotoxic activities with IC50 of 25.13 and 16.41 μM in PANC-1 and Hela cells. Further, apoptosis was confirmed by fluorescence image using EB/AO reagent.

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  • Platelet-rich plasma-induced feedback inhibition of activin A/follistatin signaling: A mechanism for tumor-low risk skin rejuvenation in irradiated rats
    Publication date: March 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 180

    Author(s): Nesreen Nabil Omar, Rasha R. Rashed, Rania M. El-Hazek, Walaa A. El-Sabbagh, Engy R. Rashed, Mona A. El-Ghazaly

    Background Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a source of natural growth factors and is emerging as a treatment modality to mitigate radiotherapy- induced adverse effects. Activin A (ACTA) is a member of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily, which has been shown to modulate the inflammatory response and macrophages polarization between different phenotypes. The aim of this study is to determine the value of PRP in preventing radiation-induced malignancies in light of the cross-talk between PRP and activin A type II receptors (ActR-IIA)/follistatin (FST) signaling pathways where the inflammatory responses at 2 different time points were evaluated. Material and Methods Male albino rats were exposed to radiation and given PRP over the course of 6 days. Rats were sacrificed on day 7 or day 28 post radiation. Results Quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) and western-blot showed that after 7 days of administrating of PRP, ActR-IIA/FST signaling was markedly induced and was associated with the expressions of inflammatory, natural killer and M1 macrophages markers, TNF-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ and IL-12. By contrast, on day 28 of PRP administration, ActR-IIA/FST signaling and the expressions of proinflammatory cytokines were downregulated in parallel with inducing M2 macrophages phenotype as indicated by arginase-1, IL-10 and dectin-1. Conclusion The suppression of inflammation and induction of M2 macrophages phenotype in response to PRP administration were found significantly linked to ActR-IIA/FST signaling downregulation. Furthermore, the specific M2 macrophage subtype was found to express dectin-1 receptors which have high affinity for tumor cells thereby is expected to reduce the potential for developing tumors after radiotherapy.







  • Blue light irradiation triggers the antimicrobial potential of ZnO nanoparticles on drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
    Publication date: March 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 180

    Author(s): Ming-Yeh Yang, Kai-Chih Chang, Liang-Yu Chen, Po-Ching Wang, Chih-Chiang Chou, Zhong-Bin Wu, Anren Hu

    Photodynamic inactivation (PDI) is a non-invasive and safe therapeutic method for microbial infections. Bacterial antibiotic resistance is caused by antibiotics abuse. Drug-resistant Acinetobacter spp. is a serious problem in hospitals around the world. These pathogens from nosocomial infections have high mortality rates in frailer people, and Acinetobacter spp. is commonly found in immunocompromised patients. Visible light is safer than ultraviolet light (UV) for PDI of nosocomial pathogens with mammalian cells. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) were used in this study as an antimicrobial agent and a photosensitizer. ZnO is recognized as safe and has extensive usage in food additives, medical and cosmetic products. In this study, we used 0.125 mg/ml ZnO-NPs combined with 10.8 J/cm2 blue light (BL) on Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) that could significantly reduce microbial survival. However, individual exposure to ZnO-NPs does not affect the viability of A. baumannii. BL irradiation could trigger the antimicrobial ability of ZnO nanoparticles on A. baumannii. The mechanism of photocatalytic ZnO-NPs treatment for sterilization occurs through bacterial membrane disruptions. Otherwise, the photocatalytic ZnO-NPs treatment showed high microbial eradication in nosocomial pathogens, including colistin-resistant and imipenem-resistant A. baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Based on our results, the photocatalytic ZnO-NPs treatment could support hygiene control and clinical therapies without antibiotics to nosocomial bacterial infections.







  • Exploring the non-covalent binding behaviours of 7-hydroxyflavone and 3-hydroxyflavone with hen egg white lysozyme: Multi-spectroscopic and molecular docking perspectives
    Publication date: March 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 180

    Author(s): Sourav Das, Mostofa Ataur Rohman, Atanu Singha Roy

    The interactions of bio-active flavonoids, 7-hydroxyflavone (7HF) and 3-hydroxyflavone (3HF) with hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) have been established using differential spectroscopic techniques along with the help of molecular docking method. The characteristic dual fluorescence of 3HF due to the excited intramolecular state proton transfer (ESIPT) process is altered markedly upon binding with HEWL. Both the flavonoids quenched the intrinsic fluorescence of HEWL through static quenching mechanism while the binding affinity of 7HF was found to be greater than 3HF under experimental conditions. The binding constant (K b) values were estimated to be in the order of 104 M−1 and decreased with the rise in temperature. The contributions of the thermodynamic parameters (ΔH° and ΔS°) revealed that hydrophobic forces along with hydrogen bonding played a crucial role in the interaction of HEWL with 7HF and 3HF respectively and this finding was aptly supported by the molecular docking studies. The donor (HEWL) to acceptors (7HF and 3HF) binding distances were calculated using the Föster's theory. The phenomena of blue shifting of the emission maxima of the residues indicated the increase in hydrophobicity around the Trp micro-environment upon addition of the flavonoids was observed from synchronous and 3D fluorescence measurements whereas REES study indicated the decrease in mobility of the Trp residues upon addition of the ligands. The CD, FTIR and thermal melting studies indicated the alteration in the structural stability of HEWL on ligand binding and it was found that the % α-helical content decreased on complexation with 7HF and 3HF respectively as compared to native state. The flavonoids were found to inhibit the enzymatic activity of HEWL. The molecular docking results and accessible surface area (ASA) calculations revealed that the flavonoids bind within the active site of HEWL. The negative ΔG° values obtained from experimental and molecular docking studies indicate the spontaneity of the interaction processes.

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  • Neuroprotective effect of Annona glabra extract against ethanol-induced apoptotic neurodegeneration in neonatal rats
    Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology

    Author(s): Hongru Ma, Jianfeng Han, Qinchuan Dong

    The present study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of Annona glabra extract (AGE) against ethanol-induced neurodegeneration in neonatal rats. AGE is known to contain various pharmacological and therapeutic properties. Phytochemical analysis of AGE was performed to understand the presence of vital therapeutic components. Neonatal rats were assigned to the following groups: group I (normal control rats receiving normal saline), group II (control rats receiving ethanol), and group III (treated rats receiving ethanol-AGE). The lipid peroxidation, reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and acetylcholine esterase (AChE) levels were determined. Behavioral parameters, histological features, neuronal cell viability, and apoptosis were also investigated. The presence of flavonoids, terpenoid, glycosides, steroids, saponins, tannins, anthraquinones, and acidic compounds was noted in the AGE. Ethanol supplementation drastically increased the malondialdehyde (MDA) content to 52.17 nmol/g in the control rats (group II). However, the MDA content was reduced to 27.34 nmol/g in ethanol-AGE-treated neonatal rats (group III) compared with control rats. The GSH content was substantially reduced, to 33.68 mg/g, in control rats compared with in normal control rats. However, the GSH content was significantly increased, to 59.32 mg/g, following ethanol-AGE supplementation. Gpx, SOD, catalase, and AChE enzyme activities were increased in treated neonatal rats compared with their respective controls. Locomotor activities, such as crossing, grooming, rearing, and sniffing, were increased in ethanol-AGE-treated neonatal rats compared with controls. Reduced levels of intact pyramidal cells and cells with degenerative alterations appeared in the control rats. However, ethanol-AGE supplementation reduced degenerative alterations and hippocampal damage. Reduced cultured hippocampal neuron cell viability and increased apoptosis were noted in the control rats, whereas these impacts were significantly recovered following ethanol-AGE supplementation. Based on all these data, we concluded that the supplementation of AGE was very effective against ethanol-induced neurodegeneration in neonatal rats.







  • Green synthesis of NiO nanoparticles using Aegle marmelos leaf extract for the evaluation of in-vitro cytotoxicity, antibacterial and photocatalytic properties
    Publication date: March 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 180

    Author(s): A. Angel Ezhilarasi, J. Judith Vijaya, K. Kaviyarasu, L. John Kennedy, R. Jothi Ramalingam, Hamad A. Al-Lohedan

    In the present study, we report the green synthesis of NiO nanoparticles using Aegle marmelos as a fuel and this method is ecofriendly and cost effective. The plant Aegle marmelos is used in the field of pharmaceuticals to cure diseases like chronic diarrhea, peptic ulcers and dysentery in India for nearly 5 centuries. The as-prepared nanoparticles were confirmed as pure face centered cubic phase and single crystalline in nature by XRD. The formation of agglomerated spherical nanoparticles was shown by HR-SEM and HR-TEM images. The particle size calculated from HR-SEM was in the range 8–10 nm and it matches with the average crystallite size calculated from the XRD pattern. NiO shows intense emission peaks at 363 and 412 nm in its PL spectra. The band gap of 3.5 eV is observed from DRS studies and the formation of pure NiO is confirmed by FT-IR spectra. The as-prepared NiO nanoparticles show super paramagnetic behavior, when magnetization studies are carried out. It is then evaluated for cytotoxic activity towards A549 cell culture, antibacterial activity and photocatalytic degradation (PCD) of 4‑chlorophenol (4‑CP), which is known as the endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC). From the results, it is found that the cell viability of A549 cells was effectively reduced and it showed better antibacterial activity towards gram positive bacterial strains. It is also proved to be an efficient and stable photocatalyst towards the degradation of 4‑CP.

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  • Disinfection and healing effects of 222-nm UVC light on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in mouse wounds
    Publication date: January 2018
    Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 178

    Author(s): Kouji Narita, Krisana Asano, Yukihiro Morimoto, Tatsushi Igarashi, Michael R. Hamblin, Tianhong Dai, Akio Nakane

    UVC radiation is known to be highly germicidal. However, exposure to 254-nm-UVC light causes DNA lesions such as cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD) in human cells, and can induce skin cancer after long-term repeated exposures. It has been reported that short wavelength UVC is absorbed by proteins in the membrane and cytosol, and fails to reach the nucleus of human cells. Hence, irradiation with 222-nm UVC might be an optimum combination of effective disinfection and biological safety to human cells. In this study, the biological effectiveness of 222-nm UVC was investigated using a mouse model of a skin wound infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Irradiation with 222-nm UVC significantly reduced bacterial numbers on the skin surface compared with non-irradiated skin. Bacterial counts in wounds evaluated on days 3, 5, 8 and 12 after irradiation demonstrated that the bactericidal effect of 222-nm UVC was equal to or more effective than 254-nm UVC. Histological analysis revealed that migration of keratinocytes which is essential for the wound healing process was impaired in wounds irradiated with 254-nm UVC, but was unaffected in 222-nm UVC irradiated wounds. No CPD-expressing cells were detected in either epidermis or dermis of wounds irradiated with 222-nm UVC, whereas CPD-expressing cells were found in both epidermis and dermis irradiation with 254-nm UVC. These results suggest that 222-nm UVC light may be a safe and effective way to reduce the rate of surgical site and other wound infections.







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